Great attention to the environment in the pavilions of Expo 2015

Expo20152“Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life.” The subject in focus of the Universal Exposition in Milan has solicited creativity of the countries of the entire world which in the process of construction of their pavilions have gone various creative ways.

For instance, Austria has recreated in the heart of Milan a typical alpine forest: in order to completely immerse the visitor in a forest environment, the designers have planted 43,200 m2 of autochthonous vegetation, including moss and trees on a surface of 560 m2. The project breathe.austria, worked on by  Terrain, founded by landscape architect Klaus K. Loenhart, the Technical University of Graz and the University of Agricultural Sciences of Vienna, celebrates the cleanliness of Austrian air (every hour oxygen for 1800 persons will be produced which corresponds to 62.5 kg without the use of filters or conditioning plants) and, at the same time, it underlines the connection between air and nutrition.

The unique plants present are: a photovoltaic one and a stream air cooling plant; the pavilion is complemented by the Luft Bar (air bar) where typical products can be tasted and shops where high quality goods of this country can be purchased.

The pavilion of Brazil is completely covered with cork which reflects the logic of energy efficiency and rational use of energy adopted in the creation of the structure. The material applied is of  ICB type, the so-called “toasted” or “brown” where thanks to high temperatures the granules are a agglomerated in the thermal process of toasting and the release of suberin and waxy substances, a process that does not require adding other adhesive. The insulation is not covered, it maintains its own identity and, perceived as a natural solution, it allows exploiting the potential of the plant by playing with modularity, geometry and different thicknesses.

Finally, the United Arab Emirates have paid special attention to the pavilion’s sustainability. Searching for the right integration between the main elements (water, food and energy) they have revoked the desert landscape and the structure of Arab cities. The visitor will walk along an artificial canyon built with 12 m high curvaceous walls, they will be able to see the flow of a falai, the aqueduct applied in the areas of the Emirates to irrigate arid fields, ending their visit admiring a three-level green oasis. The heart of the pavilion is covered with GRC steel panels which presents two dunes shaped by the wind. The structure, which reduces water consumption by 50% thanks to the reuse of rainwaters, covers 20% of the energy demand thanks to photovoltaic panels and recovers 70% construction site wastes, will obtain the LEED Platinum certification.



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